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Glossary of chemistry terms


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Chemistry - definition of chemistry by The Free Dictionary https: The science of the composition, structure, properties, and reactions of matter, especially of atomic and molecular systems. The composition, structure, properties, and reactions of a substance. The elements of a complex entity and their dynamic interrelation: Mutual attraction or sympathy; rapport: The chemistry was good between the partners.

Chemistry the branch of physical science concerned with the composition, properties, and reactions of substances. See also inorganic chemistry , organic chemistry , physical chemistry. Chemistry the composition, properties, and reactions of a particular substance. The scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of the chemical elements and the compounds they form.

Switch to new thesaurus. Dalton's law of partial pressures , law of partial pressures , Dalton's law - chemistry and physics law stating that the pressure exerted by a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture; the pressure of a gas in a mixture equals the pressure it would exert if it occupied the same volume alone at the same temperature.

Henry's law - chemistry law formulated by the English chemist William Henry; the amount of a gas that will be absorbed by water increases as the gas pressure increases. Dalton's law , law of multiple proportions - chemistry law stating that when two elements can combine to form more than one compound the amounts of one of them that combines with a fixed amount of the other will exhibit a simple multiple relation.

Mendeleev's law , periodic law - chemistry the principle that chemical properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers. Arrhenius theory of dissociation , theory of dissociation , theory of electrolytic dissociation - chemistry theory that describes aqueous solutions in terms of acids which dissociate to give hydrogen ions and bases which dissociate to give hydroxyl ions ; the product of an acid and a base is a salt and water.

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. Explore the year a word first appeared. Definition of chemistry plural chemistries 1: See chemistry defined for English-language learners See chemistry defined for kids. Examples of chemistry in a Sentence studying the chemistry of gasoline They tried dating, but there was no chemistry between them. Recent Examples of chemistry from the Web From the very beginning of this disastrous season, the Orioles were a chemistry experiment gone horribly wrong.

During season on the brink, Orioles are losing the head games, too," 14 July In George graduated magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa from Tufts College now University , majoring in biology and chemistry , minoring in physics. Kokoskov was quick to remind reporters that this unit has played only two games together and has a long way to go to grow chemistry.

Somehow, in the process of whittling thousands down to to a party of five, producers found chemistry magic. Crotty, 48, and Reid flew into town to call four summer league games on Saturday and Sunday to begin working on their chemistry and timing. Origin and Etymology of chemistry see chemist. Other Chemical Engineering Terms alkali , cation , decant , hygroscopic , isotope , oxidize , slurry , solute , viscous.

Related Phrases chemistry set inorganic chemistry organic chemistry. Definition of chemistry for English Language Learners. Learn More about chemistry Spanish Central: Seen and Heard What made you want to look up chemistry? Need even more definitions? Get Word of the Day daily email! Ionian mode a cappella rococo balladry. Ask the Editors Ghost Word The story of an imaginary word that managed to sneak past our editors and enter the dictionary.

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This glossary of chemistry terms is a list of terms and definitions relevant to chemistry, including chemical laws, diagrams and formulae, laboratory tools, glassware, and equipment. Chemistry is a physical science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter, as well as the changes it undergoes during chemical reactions ; it has an extensive vocabulary and a significant amount of jargon.

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Usually in chemistry the term is used to describe a pair of molecules that have the same formulas, but form a pair of structures. chlorine - halogen with atomic number 17 and element symbol Cl. chlorofluorocarbon - A chlorofluorocarbon or CFC is a compound that .

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Chemistry Terms. We know what it means when we say that someone is 'positive' versus 'negative' and we also know what it means to have a 'bond' between two people. Yet what do these terms mean in chemistry? These and other terms are frequently used in chemistry. chemical properties, reactions, phenomena, etc.: the chemistry of carbon. the interaction of one personality with another: The chemistry between him and his boss was all wrong. sympathetic understanding; rapport: the astonishing chemistry between the actors.

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Chemistry definition is - a science that deals with the composition, structure, and properties of substances and with the transformations that they undergo. How to use chemistry in a sentence. Of definition. The definition of chemistry has changed over time, as new discoveries and theories add to the functionality of the science. The term "chymistry", in the view of noted scientist Robert Boyle in , meant the subject of the material principles of mixed bodies.